How can Orthotics help me?

foot orthotics

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Orthotics are specially made insoles that offers extra support to the feet. It is most commonly used for flat feet (pronated feet), but can also be used for problems such as high foot arch, and bunions.

Deformities in the feet affect not only the feet, but also the biomechanics of the whole lower limb. Commonly, when there is excessive pronation of the foot arch, the whole lower limb turns inward together with the collapse of the foot arch. This creates a twisting force at the ankle and knee joints, and brings the lower back into a more arched posture. This leads to extra stress at these joints and the surrounding muscles. Thus people with pronated feet may find themselves taking extra long time to recover from ankle sprains and knee injuries. And they may have back pain related to prolonged standing and walking.

Usually foot arch related problem can be improved with more supportive foot wear, such as sports shoes rather than slippers. Orthotics provide additional support on top of good foot wear. It has extra support at the foot arch to assist the forming of a normal arch. It thus improves the alignment of the whole lower limb and reduces stress on the joints and muscles. Therefore orthotics are commonly used to reduce pain in the lower limbs and the lower back that are assessed to be related to foot arch problems.

Orthotics come in various forms and prices. Simpler and less expensive ones can be bought off the shelf. More complicated foot deformities may require tailor-made orthotics that can be prescribed by physiotherapists or podiatrists. Physiotherapists will conduct a thorough assessment of the patient’s area of pain and the biomechanics of the lower limbs to decide whether the patient will benefit from orthotics, and what type of orthotics is most suitable for the patient. Orthotics will be adjusted to make sure that patient can experience immediate reduction in pain.

 

矫形鞋垫如何可以帮到我?

矫形鞋垫是一种特制的鞋垫,用以给脚提供额外的支撑。矫形鞋垫通常用于扁平足的患者,但也可以用于高足弓和拇指外翻的患者。

足弓的形状不仅影响脚,它也会影响整个下肢。例如在扁平足的患者中,足弓高度降低会导致整个下肢随着足弓一起轻微向内旋转。这导致脚踝和膝盖被扭转,腰部弧度增加。这些关节和附近的肌肉会因此而受力增加。所以扁平足患者若扭伤脚踝或膝盖,通常需要更长的时间才能康复。他们也更容易在长时间站立或行走后产生腰痛。

通常与足弓有关的问题可以通过穿支撑较好的鞋而得到减轻。通常运动鞋相对拖鞋而言,有较好的支撑。而矫形鞋垫则可以在适当的鞋子的基础上为足弓提供进一步的支撑,帮助保持正常的足弓高度。足弓得到纠正后,整个下肢和腰部的关节和肌肉的负荷都会得到减轻。所以如果经过评估,足弓对下肢和腰部的疼痛造成影响,那么矫形鞋垫就可以帮助减轻这些疼痛。

矫形鞋垫通常有很多不同的款式和价钱。比较简单的矫形鞋垫在许多药店和运动品商店就可以买到。比较复杂的脚型可能需要度身定制的矫形鞋垫。这通常可以由物理治疗师或足部治疗师进行评估和处理。物理治疗师会对患者的患处和整个下肢进行详细的评估,以决定患者是否会获益于矫形鞋垫,以及什么款式的鞋垫最适合。治疗师会对鞋垫进行适当的调整,让患者的疼痛在使用鞋垫后得到即时的舒缓。

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